Intersections: A Monthly Go-To for Reliable Facts and Analysis About California's Debt, Investments and Economy

Vol. 1, No. 7, Published November 4, 2015

Debt Issuance, Investments and Treasury Activities

Debt issuance was $52.9 billion during January - September 2015; all state and local issuances reported as of October 22

Debt Issuance

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California State and local governments issued a total of $52.9 billion in debt during the first nine months of 2015, a 14.8 percent increase from the same period in 2014, when $46.1 billion in debt was issued, according to data received by the California Debt and Investment Advisory Commission (CDIAC) as of October 22.1 (See Figure 5.)

A total of $2.7 billion in State and local debt issuance was reported for September 2015, a 330 percent decrease from September 2014 ($8.9 billion). (See Figure 6.)

Of the $2.7 billion issued in September, $2.0 billion was issued by local entities, while $724 million was issued by the State and its agencies or related entities. (See Figure 7.)

Nearly $2.5 billion in taxpayer money was saved from refinancings orchestrated by Treasurer Chiang during February - October

So far in 2015, the Treasurer has carried out four general obligation and two State Public Works Board bond re-financings that will together save the State�s General Fund more than $950 million over the life of the bonds. Seven other refinancings – including those for California State University, University of California and Tobacco Securitization Corp. -- will produce an additional $1.5 billion in public benefit over time. That brings the total to nearly $2.5 billion in taxpayer money saved.

For the period from September 16 through October 15, a total of $6.0 billion in debt final sale reports were received by CDIAC. (See Figure 8.) These are the top five areas of volume within the reported final debt sales:

  • K-12 School Facility: $1.5 billion
  • Multiple Capital Improvements, Public Works: $1.0 billion
  • Public Transit: $508 million
  • College, University Facility: $440 million
  • Redevelopment, Multiple Purposes: $370 million

School district issuance is about one-quarter of the total, consistent with the number of school districts within California’s local government units.

1 Issuers have 21 days from sale of the debt to report issuances. Since some data is reported late, the State Treasurer's Office regularly updates monthly totals as more information becomes available.

Figure 5: Cumulative California Public Debt Issuance (In Billions)

Line chart comparing cumulative California Public Debt Issuance for 2014 and 2015.

Source: California Debt and Investment Advisory Commission

Figure 6: California Public Debt Issuance, September (In Millions)

Column chart comparing short-term debt, long-term refundings, long-term new money, and total debt for 2014 and 2015.

Source: California Debt and Investment Advisory Commission

Figure 7: State* Vs. Local Debt Issuance, September (In Millions)

Column chart comparing state vs. local debt issuance for September 2015

* State issuers include the State of California, its agencies, commissions, authorities, departments and The Student Loan Corporation.

Source: California Debt and Investment Advisory Commission

Figure 8: Total Reports of Final Sale Received

9/16/2015 Through 10/15/2015, By Purpose (In Millions)

Column chart showing total reports of final sale received, 8/16/15 through 9/15/15

Source: California Debt and Investment Advisory Commission

Read more about debt issued so far this year. See the calendar.

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The Pooled Money Investment Account balance as of September 30 was $66.5 billion

The Treasurer’s Investments Division manages the State’s excess or idle cash.

The Treasurer invests taxpayer money through the Pooled Money Investment Account (PMIA). This is a commingled pool with three primary sources of funds: the State’s general fund, special funds held by State agencies, and money deposited by cities, counties and special districts in the Local Agency Investment Fund (LAIF).

As of September 30, the PMIA balance was $66.5 billion, with an average effective yield of 0.337 percent and an average life of 210 days. (See Figure 9.) In addition, the year-to-date average PMIA balance was $66.7 billion.

The State Treasurer’s Office anticipates that the investment returns for the PMIA will continue to follow the market as shown in Figure 10.

Because these funds may be required on very short notice, the investment objectives for the PMIA are safety, liquidity and yield, in that order of importance.

The year-to-date earnings rate for the PMIA was 0.329 percent, which reflects the prudent investing of a short-term portfolio in this unprecedented low interest rate environment of the last seven years. As the Federal Reserve begins to raise interest rates, the PMIA is positioned to follow those moves, and overall yields should rise in sympathy.

Figure 9: Pooled Money Investment Account Stats as of September 30, 2015

The Pooled Money Investment Account average effective yield was 0.337 percent as of September 30

Ending Portfolio

$66.5 billion (See Figure 11 for details.)

Average Workday Investment Activity

$1.227 billion

Average Effective Yield

0.337 percent

Average Investment Life

210 days

Local Agency Investment Fund Ending Portfolio

$20 billion (2,476 participating agencies) (See Figure 12 for details.)

Read more about the Pooled Money Investment Account

Figure 10: Average Monthly Yield Comparison

September 2010 Through September 2015

Line chart comparing average monthly yields for PMIA, S&P GIP, and Fed Funds for September 2010 through September 2015

Source: State Treasurer's Office

Figure 11: PMIA Portfolio Composition � 9/30/15

Pie chart showing PMIA portfolio composition as of 9/30/15

Source: State Treasurer's Office

Figure 12: Local Agency Investment Fund

Participation as of 9/30/15: 2,476 Agencies

Pie chart showing LAIF participation

Source: State Treasurer's Office

*Includes regular and trustee bond accounts.

Note: Numbers may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. Read more about the Local Agency Investment Fund.

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Deposits were $85.5 billion and disbursements were $85.5 billion during September

Centralized State Treasury System Activities

The Treasurer�s Centralized State Treasury System provides banking services for the overwhelming majority of State departments and agencies.

The system handles the flow of more than $2 trillion per year in cash funds.

During September, deposits totaled $85.5 billion, while disbursements totaled $85.5 billion. (See Figure 13.)

These amounts include all federal, State and local funds flowing through the Centralized Treasury System.





Figure 13: Deposits and Withdrawals By Month, September 2014-September 2015 (In Billions)

Bar chart showing deposits and withdrawals by month from September 2014 to September 2015

Source: State Treasurer's Office

The system also determines the amount of idle State funds available in the Pooled Money Investment Account for investment by the Treasurer�s Investment Division. (These investments were discussed in the Investments section and are reflected in Figure 11.)

During September, total new and rollover investments reached $12.5 billion. (See Figure 14.)

Figure 14: Total Investments By Month, September 2014-September 2015 (In Billions)

Bar chart showing total investments by month from September 2014 to September 2015

Source: State Treasurer's Office

5.7 million checks and other items were presented by banks in September

Each day, the system also processes hundreds of thousands of State transactions - including department checks; State Controller’s Office warrants; Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food instruments; and Employment Development Department unemployment and disability checks - submitted by banks and other entities for payment.

During September, total items processed reached 5.7 million. (See Figure 15.)








Figure 15: Number of Items Processed, September 2014-September 2015 (In Millions)

Bar chart showing number of items processed from September 2014 to September 2015

Source: State Treasurer's Office

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